One of the most shocking things that evangelicals today discover is that some of the great heroes of the 18th Century Evangelical Awakening owned slaves, in particular George Whitfield and Jonathan Edwards. This is shocking because we associate the Evangelical Awakening with the campaign to abolish slavery with John Newton, John Wesley and of course… Continue reading Jonathan Edwards, George Whitfield and slavery
Here’s the next part of #FaithrootsLive “men, women and leadership”.
In this week’s #FaithrootsLive we continued to examine the issue of male and female leadership roles in church by beginning to look at hermeneutics. How do we know that we are interpreting and applying the passages that talk about men and women correctly? In order to answer the question, we are considering a case study… Continue reading A lens to look through
In summary, we may conclude that our investigation supports our preliminary thesis. First, that Wesley’s hermeneutic does not fit the template of the so-called Wesleyan Quadrilateral and thus secondly, that his argument does not support a Redemptive Movement Hermeneutic. Before we develop our conclusions further, we need to spell out some limitations which constrain what… Continue reading Wesley and the slave trade (5) conclusions
In the previous section, we noted three assertions that might be made about Wesley’s use of Scripture in support of a redemptive-movement position. First, that Wesley would be willing to ignore texts if they didn’t fit his overall scheme. Secondly, that he could change his view of Scripture based on experience. Thirdly, that he was… Continue reading Wesley and the slave trade (4) What does Wesley actually do with Scripture?
3.1 The Quadrilateral Position Marquadt’s claim that Wesley bases his arguments outside Scripture seems to come from his statement: “I would now inquire, whether these things can be defended, on the principles of even heathen honesty; whether they can be reconciled (setting the Bible out of the question) with any degree of either justice or… Continue reading Wesley and the slave trade (3) Why does Wesley argue from outside of Scripture?
As we have already seen, Wesley’s thoughts on the Slave Trade are essentially a close re-working of a tract by the Quaker, Anthony Benezet. Wesley records in his Journal how he first came to read Benezet’s tract on Wednesday 12th February 1772.
On the 2nd February 1807, the House of Commons voted in favour of the abolition of the slave trade. The celebration of the 200th anniversary of this event generated substantial interest in the subject of slavery, the history of abolition and the particular individuals involved, especially William Wilberforce. Biographies were written, museum displays opened and… Continue reading John Wesley and the Slave Trade (1) Introduction
Earlier this week in our #TheDailyDose talks I looked at what Paul had to say to Timothy about slaves and masters (1 Timothy 6:1-2). You can listen back here. As I explain in the talk, the Bible’s handling of ethical questions around keeping and trading slaves has wider implications. If the Bible permits slavery but… Continue reading More on slaves and the slave trade
I’ve written about how a careful reading of Scripture demanded the abolition of slavery. The existence of the slave trade and the continued ownership of African slaves went against God’s word, specifically Paul’s teaching in his letters (including in Ephesians 6). Those who were subjected to the brutality of slavery will have got it. Eventually… Continue reading Abolition of Slavery – late adopters?